Answer for “What's a Good R134a Pressure at Rest?” Plus Other Useful A/C Information

Discussion in 'FAQs & Tips' started by John Ingalls, Aug 29, 2016.

  1. John Ingalls

    John Ingalls Former Automive Service Department Manager

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    The purpose of this article is to answer previous questions on this topic and provide additional information on this subject. This article also includes frequently asked questions (FAQ's) from similar forums.

    What's a good R134a pressure at rest?
    The general rule is the static or “at rest” pressure of a R134a system should be approximately the same as the ambient air temperature.
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    How, when and why is the static pressure tested?

    The static pressure is tested with the engine and air conditioning off known as “at rest” to conduct an initial evaluation. Static pressure is the amount of pressure held within the system when it is not operating. A gauge set is connected to the high-side and the low-side to get the most accurate readings. This procedure is normally used as a starting point to determine the correct troubleshooting approach. It is basically a general guideline to point you in the right direction. With the system off both gauges should indicate the same pressure readings. If not, there is a restriction between the high and low-side caused by a defective line, connection or component.

    What can affect the static pressure?

    The pressure should be within a few PSI of the ambient air temperature, but several factors can affect this that must be taken into consideration. If the engine is hot the pressures will be higher because of the intensive heat in the engine bay. If the vehicle has been sitting for several hours, overnight or parked in the shade the readings will be lower. Humility affects the static pressure as well, high humidity raises the pressure and low humidity lowers the pressure.

    Is the static pressure an accurate method to determine the refrigerant level?

    If the static pressure is low the system may be undercharged, but it should be verified by a more accurate method prior to adding R134a to the system to avoid overcharging. The preferred method is to use a evacuation and recovery machine to remove and measure the content prior to adding refrigerant. If the system is low, something must have caused it such as a leak or defective component. The complete integrity of an A/C system should always be evaluated and pressure tested prior to adding refrigerant. The same theory, just the opposite, applies to a high static pressure reading. It could be an indication that the system is overcharged, but not a 100 percent diagnosis. Further testing should be completed prior to removing refrigerant. Trapped air in the system is more likely to be the cause of the high pressure reading in most situations.

    Overall, static pressure is just an indication that there is liquid refrigerant in the system and not an accurate representation of the specific amount. To determine the exact amount of refrigerant in the system it must be recovered and measured using proper equipment.
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    What if the at rest pressure is zero?

    This is an indication that you have completely lost the charge within the system due to a major leak or a defective component. In this situation the system must be evaluated to determine the cause of total pressure loss. As always, you should start with a through visual inspection to identify an obvious issue. In most circumstances you will see a wet or oily trail where the fluid escaped the system to point you in the right direction.
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    When a major problem such as this occurs the source must be specifically pinpointed and corrected. Depending of the system configuration the accumulator, orifice tube and expansion valve may also require replacement. Then the system must be vacuumed down to test the ability of all of the lines, connections and components to seal properly. Once this is accomplished you will need to add PAG oil to the appropriate level according to the technical data for your vehicle. Keeping in mind that some oil is retained within components and affects the correct amount to add. The specific technical data for your vehicle may specify the amount of PAG oil that is normally retained within that system. After all of this fun stuff is accomplished, and the condition of the system has been completely verified, then it can be recharged with the correct amount of R134a.

    Note: This article is just an information source to help you understand the operation of an automotive air conditioning system better and explain to you what static pressure is. You should consult with the specific technical manuals for your vehicle. I would also recommend for this issue and any other automotive malfunctions or trouble codes that you start by reviewing the tech bulletins on your vehicle for known issues.
     

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